Most exercise programs consist of aerobic conditioning, flexibility exercises and strength training. In strength training, you add resistance to a particular movement to overload your muscles, which makes them work harder and become stronger.
Strength training can offer many benefits, including increased muscle tone, strength, endurance and bone density. Strength training also improves balance and coordination and decreases the risk of injury when you are active.
As we age, we lose muscle mass, which decreases metabolism, so establishing a strength program will not only increase muscles, it will boost metabolism. Finally, a strength program will make daily activities such as doing the laundry or yard work easier, and of course, it will increase your performance in your favorite sport.
The most common strength training routines involve free weights such as weight plates added to barbells, fixed barbells, dumbbells, kettlebells and medicine balls to name a few. Weight machines are another option as well as body weight exercises such as push-ups and pull-ups.